Roger Bacon, at the beginning of the thirteenth century, anticipated modern science, and proclaimed that man, by use of nature, can do all things.
During the Middle Ages the plastic arts, like philosophy, had degenerated into barren and meaningless scholasticism - a frigid reproduction of lifeless forms copied technically and without inspiration from debased patterns.
Philosophy Philosophical trends also changed during the Renaissance. Their translations and commentaries on these ideas worked their way through the Arab West into Iberia and Sicilywhich became important centers for this transmission of ideas. The fall of Constantinople in provided humanism with a major boost, for many eastern scholars fled to Italy, bringing with them important books and manuscripts and a tradition of Greek scholarship.
They yearned for magnificence and instinctively comprehended splendor. With unerring instinct the men of the Renaissance named the voluminous subject-matter of scholarship Litterae Humaniores "the more human literature" A history of the renaissance era, the literature that humanizes.
The Renaissance shattered and destroyed them, rending the thick veil which they had drawn between the mind of man and the outer world, and flashing the light of reality upon the darkened places of his own nature. This anatomical knowledge was gained from advances made in the field of medicine during the Renaissance period.
Everything seemed possible to their young energy; nor had a single pleasure palled upon their appetite. Finally, when the clasics came to aid this work of progress, a new world of thought and fancy, divinely charming, wholly human, was revealed to their astonished eyes.
The other major artist working during this period was the painter Masaccioknown for his frescoes of the Trinity in the Church of Santa Maria Novella c. Superstitious reverence bound the painter to copy the almond eyes and stiff joints of the saints whom he had adored from infancy; and, even had it been otherwise, he lacked the skill to imitate the natural forms he saw around him.
They clamber among ancient ruins to note the inscriptions. In the course of striving to recover it, however, the humanists assisted in the consolidation of a new spiritual and intellectual outlook and in the development of a new body of knowledge.
Nicholas V, who founded the Vatican Library inCosmo de' Medici, who began the Medicean collection a little earlier, and Poggio Bracciolini, who ransacked all the cities and convents of Europe for manuscripts, together with the teachers of Greek, who in the first half of the fifteenth century escaped from Constantinople with precious freights of classic literature, are the heroes of this second period.
Popes and princes, captains of adventure and peasants, noble ladies and the leaders of the demi-monde alike became scholars. The Renaissance was a time of great social and cultural change in Europe. Where the human spirit had been buried in the decay of the Roman Empire, there it arose upon the ruins of that Empire; and the papacy - called by Hobbes the ghost of the dead Roman Empire, seated, throned, and crowned, upon the ashes thereof - to some extent bridged over the gulf between the two periods.
The word is French for 'rebirth'. Merchants brought with them ideas from far corners of the globe, particularly the Levant. Some scholars, such as Rodney Stark play down the Renaissance in favor of the earlier innovations of the Italian city-states in the High Middle Ageswhich married responsive government, Christianity and the birth of capitalism.
Scholars have noted several features unique to Florentine cultural life that may have caused such a cultural movement.
The arts and the inventions, the knowledge and the books which suddenly became vital at the time of the Renaissance, had long lain neglected on the shores of the dead sea which we call the Middle Ages. In Italy and Germany numerous principalities sprang into preeminence; and though the nation was not united under one head, the monarchical principle was acknowledged.
Then came a further phase. The guesses of the ancients stimulated the exertions of the moderns. At the same time the period of satiety was still far off.by the Renaissance, they will reply that it was the revolution effected in architecture, painting, and sculpture by the recovery of antique monuments.
Students of literature, philosophy, and theology see in the Renaissance that. Renaissance Period The Renaissance Period () was a time of great intellectual and creative achievers like the artists, composers, writers, among others. An example was Leonardo da Vinci, an extraordinary man who contributed to various areas - he was a great painter, sculptor, architect, inventor, and more.
The Renaissance (UK: / r ɪ ˈ n eɪ s ən s /, US: / r ɛ n ə ˈ s ɑː n s /) is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
It is an extension of the Middle Ages, and is bridged by the Age of Enlightenment to modern history. The Renaissance period marks the beginning of the modern era in the history of mankind.
A new cult of Fame from that moment arises and sculptural monuments and paintings are meant to enhance the figures importance and their achievements. Watch video · In fact, the Renaissance (in Italy and in other parts of Europe) was considerably more complicated than that: For one thing, in many ways the period we call the Renaissance was not so different from the era that preceded it.
Oct 15, · Watch video · Known as the Renaissance, the period immediately following the Middle Ages in Europe saw a great revival of interest in the classical .Download